Modelling Energy Security: The Case of Dutch Urban Energy Communities

Javanshir Fouladvand*, Deline Verkerk, Igor Nikolic, Amineh Ghorbani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)


Energy communities are gaining momentum in the context of the energy transition. Given the distributed and collective action nature of energy communities, energy security of these local energy systems is more than just security of supply and related to issues such as affordability and acceptability of energy to members of the community. We build an agent-based model of energy communities to explore their security challenges. The security dimensions we consider are availability, affordability, accessibility and acceptability, which are referred to as the 4As. The results confirmed that there is always a trade-off between all four dimensions and that although it is difficult to achieve a high energy security performance, it is feasible. Results also showed that among factors influencing energy security, the investment of the community plays the biggest role.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Social Simulation - Proceedings of the 16th Social Simulation Conference
EditorsMarcin Czupryna, Bogumił Kamiński
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783030928421
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event16th Social Simulation Conference, SSC 2021 - Kraków, Poland
Duration: 20 Sep 202124 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
ISSN (Print)2213-8684
ISSN (Electronic)2213-8692


Conference16th Social Simulation Conference, SSC 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Agent-based modelling and simulation (ABMS)
  • Energy community
  • Energy security
  • Renewable energy technologies


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