Moment closure approximations of susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemics on adaptive networks

Massimo A. Achterberg*, Piet Van Mieghem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The influence of people's individual responses to the spread of contagious phenomena, like the COVID-19 pandemic, is still not well understood. We investigate the Markovian Generalized Adaptive Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (G-ASIS) epidemic model. The G-ASIS model comprises many contagious phenomena on networks, ranging from epidemics and information diffusion to innovation spread and human brain interactions. The connections between nodes in the G-ASIS model change adaptively over time, because nodes make decisions to create or break links based on the health state of their neighbors. Our contribution is fourfold. First, we rigorously derive the first-order and second-order mean-field approximations from the continuous-time Markov chain. Second, we illustrate that the first-order mean-field approximation fails to approximate the epidemic threshold of the Markovian G-ASIS model accurately. Third, we show that the second-order mean-field approximation is a qualitative good approximation of the Markovian G-ASIS model. Finally, we discuss the Adaptive Information Diffusion (AID) model in detail, which is contained in the G-ASIS model. We show that, similar to most other instances of the G-ASIS model, the AID model possesses a unique steady state, but that in the AID model, the convergence time toward the steady state is very large. Our theoretical results are supported by numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014308
Pages (from-to)014308-1 - 014308-21
Number of pages21
JournalPhysical review. E
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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