Monolithic overlapping Schwarz domain decomposition methods with GDSW coarse spaces for incompressible fluid flow problems

Alexander Heinlein, Christian Hochmuth, Axel Klawonn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Monolithic overlapping Schwarz preconditioners for saddle point problems of Stokes and Navier-Stokes type are presented. In order to obtain numerically scalable algorithms, coarse spaces obtained from the generalized Dryja-Smith-Widlund (GDSW) approach are used. Numerical results of our parallel implementation are presented for various incompressible fluid flow problems. In particular, cases are considered where the problem cannot or should not be reduced using local static condensation, e.g., Stokes or Navier-Stokes problems with continuous pressure spaces. In the new monolithic preconditioners, the local overlapping problems and the coarse problem are saddle point problems with the same structure as the original problem. Our parallel implementation of these preconditioners is based on the fast and robust overlapping Schwarz (FROSch) library, which is part of the Trilinos package ShyLU. The implementation is essentially algebraic in the sense that, for the class of problems presented here, the preconditioners can be constructed from the fully assembled stiffness matrix and information about the block structure of the problem. Further information about the geometry or the null space of the underlying problem can improve the performance compared to the default settings. Parallel scalability results for several thousand cores for Stokes and Navier-Stokes model problems are reported. Each of the local problems is solved using a direct solver in serial mode, whereas the coarse problem is solved using a direct solver in serial or message passing interface (MPI)-parallel mode or using an MPI-parallel iterative Krylov solver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C291-C316
JournalSIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Algebraic preconditioner
  • Domain decomposition
  • GDSW
  • Monolithic overlapping Schwarz
  • Navier-Stokes
  • Parallel computing
  • Saddle point problems
  • Stokes

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