Morphodynamic similarities between rivers in the Terai Arc Landscape

K. Gautam, M.E. Roebroeck, T.A. Bogaard, A. Blom

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Rivers flowing from the highlands to the lowlands, characterize the Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) in Nepal and India, but also the neighbouring region in Bhutan. The sudden change in slope results in deposition of nutrient-rich sediment, which forms large alluvial or fluvial fans that enhance biodiversity and economic activities in the region. Our objective is to identify similarities and differences in hydro-morphodynamics between the TAL rivers, with a focus on the Karnali and Koshi systems in Nepal. It is expected that such insight in river dynamics will aid the sustainability and management of the TAL rivers. To this end, we investigate and compare discharge characteristics, historical flow paths, and morphodynamic characteristics such as channel shifting, braiding, and flow partitioning to identify and understand the fan scale dynamics of the two systems. Hereto we used optical remote sensing images and river discharge time series from Chisapani (Karnali) and Chatara (Koshi) gauging stations. In addition, we conducted a field campaign in November 2022.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event13th Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics - University of Illinois campus, Urbana-Champaign, United States
Duration: 25 Sept 202328 Sept 2023


Conference13th Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics
Abbreviated titleRCEM 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address

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