Morphodynamics of a seasonal inlet: A case study using remote sensing and numerical modelling for cua dai inlet, central vietnam

Anh T.K. Do, Vasiliki E. Kralli, S. de Vries, Viet T. Nguyen, Marcel J.F. Stive

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Cua Dai Beach located adjacent to Cua Dai Inlet is a typical, seasonally varying tidal inlet. This famous beach has suffered extreme erosion since 1995 due to an apparent irregular-periodic process, a decrease of sediment supply from the river and its estuaries and increased squeeze by coastal developments. The main objective of this study is to unravel the physical processes that control the morphological development of Cua Dai Inlet while challenged by the fact that it is a data-limited environment. In order to identify and quantify the main processes governing the evolution of Cua Dai Beach and thereby aiming to explain the morphological changes and extreme erosion in recent years, a new approach was developed. Historical shoreline positions and sediment budget changes were derived from satellite images using empirical engineering assumptions. In addition, numerical models were used to investigate in detail sediment transports and morphodynamics under the influence of seasonal waves and rivers as well as the anthropogenically-driven impacts. Results of shoreline change rates indicate that Cua Dai Beach (located on the northern side of Cua Dai inlet) experienced an average erosion of 12m/y during the period from 2000 to 2010 and erosion continued further to the north while the southern coast of the inlet accreted with a mean rate of 11m/y. The overall system showed a significant sediment loss of about 243,000–310,000 m3/y. The annual cycle of two past morphological periods has been numerically simulated to evaluate the behavior of the system without and with human interventions. The first morphological simulation without the impact of the resorts successfully reproduced an overall erosion trend at the northern coast while the formation of an ebb tidal bar was also reproduced. The second morphological simulation reproduced the impact of the resorts that have been constructed along Cua Dai Beach. Simulations indicate that the presence of the resorts has enhanced the propagation of the existing erosion further to the north. The new approach of remote sensing combined with process-based modeling has been essential to investigate the main processes that govern the morphological changes and extreme erosion at Cua Dai inlet.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAPAC 2019 - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts
EditorsNguyen Trung Viet, Tran Thanh Tung, Dou Xiping
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9789811502903
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2019 - Hanoi, Viet Nam
Duration: 25 Sep 201928 Sep 2019


Conference10th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, APAC 2019
Country/TerritoryViet Nam

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Coastal squeeze
  • Cua Dai Beach
  • Cua Dai Inlet
  • Seasonal inlet


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