Multi-frequency Data Parallel Spin Wave Logic Gates

Abdulqader Nael Mahmoud, Frederic Vanderveken, Christoph Adelmann, Florin Ciubotaru, Said Hamdioui, Sorin Cotofana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)


By their very nature, spin waves (SWs) with different frequencies can propagate through the same waveguide, while mostly interfering with their own species. Therefore, more SW encoded data sets can coexist, propagate, and interact in parallel, which opens the road toward hardware replication-free parallel data processing. In this article, we take advantage of these features and propose a novel data parallel SW-based computing approach. To explain and validate the proposed concept, byte-wide 2-input XOR and 3-input majority gates are implemented and validated by means of Object-Oriented MicroMagnetic Framework (OOMMF) simulations. Furthermore, we introduce an optimization algorithm meant to minimize the area overhead associated with multifrequency operation and demonstrate that it diminishes the byte-wide gate area by 30% and 41% for XOR and majority implementations, respectively. To get inside on the practical implications of our proposal, we compare the byte-wide gates with conventional functionally equivalent scalar SW gate-based implementations in terms of area, delay, and power consumption. Our results indicate that the area optimized 8-bit 2-input XOR and 3-input majority gates require 4.47x and 4.16x less area, respectively, at the expense of 5% and 7% delay increase, respectively, without inducing any power consumption overhead. Finally, we discuss factors that are limiting the currently achievable parallelism to 8 for phase-based gate output detection and demonstrate by means of OOMMF simulations that this can be increased 16 for threshold-based detection-based gates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3401012
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Data Parallelism
  • Logic Gates
  • Majority
  • Multi-frequency
  • Spin-wave Computing
  • Spin-waves
  • Data parallelism
  • logic gates
  • multifrequency
  • majority
  • spin-waves (SWs)
  • SW computing


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