Multi-functional LED Module Integration and Miniaturization for Solid State Lighting Applications

Pan Liu

Research output: ThesisDissertation (TU Delft)

122 Downloads (Pure)


Solid State Lighting (SSL) develops towards small size, high lumen output, high working temperature, and multi-functional applications. These trends are more desirable in miniaturized LED applications such as retrofit G4 LED devices. Retrofit G4 LEDs were chosen in this work as a technical carrier due to the miniaturized size challenge and high lumen requirements. The solutions for miniaturized retrofit G4 can also be extended to other applications of consumer lighting applications with similar requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Zhang, G.Q., Supervisor
  • van Zeijl, H.W., Advisor
Award date24 Jan 2019
Print ISBNs978-94-6380-220-8
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Solid State Lighting
  • Miniaturization
  • Wafer Level Integration

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