Multi-Temporal Insar Monitoring of the Aswan High Dam (Egypt)

Antonio Ruiz Armenteros, Manuel Delgado Blasco, Francisco Lamas-Fernández, Rafael Bravo-Pareja, Milan Lazecky, Matus Bakon, Joaquim J. Sousa, Miguel Caro Cuenca, Gert Verstraeten, Ramon Hanssen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The Aswan High Dam, Egypt, was built in the 1960s and is one of the biggest dams in the world. It stopped the seasonal flood of Nile river allowing the urban expansion of cities/villages and the full year cultivation, producing 10×10 9 kWh of power annually. The dam is located in an area where several earthquakes (M L <;6) occurred from 1981 to 2007. In this paper, we want to identify any potential damage that could be caused to the dam, and assess its overall structural stability using Multi-Temporal InSAR (MT-InSAR). To reach this goal, we process Envisat data from descending orbits acquired between 2003 and 2010. Our initial estimates show relatively small rates (maximum around -3 mm/yr in the satellite Line-Of-Sight) of subsidence, whose implications must be further investigated. In addition, we perform a preliminary stress-strain analysis of the dam using FEL and FEM methods to assess if the detected movements correspond to the expected vertical behavior for such mega-structure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
EditorsJose Moreno
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-7150-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-7151-1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventIGARSS 2018: 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: Observing, Understanding And Forecasting The Dynamics Of Our Planet - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 22 Jul 201827 Jul 2018
Conference number: 38


ConferenceIGARSS 2018: 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Abbreviated titleIGARSS 2018
Internet address


  • Aswan High Dam
  • InSAR
  • monitoring
  • FEL
  • FEM


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