Over the ages delta areas have greatly benefitted their inhabitants. They generally provide fertile soils, rich fishing grounds and easy water transport, which facilitates trade. These natural resources stimulated population growth and made deltas densely populated areas. The threat of flooding by storm surges at sea or high discharges from the rivers has never driven the inhabitants to higher and safer grounds. They accepted the recurrent disasters as inevitable, or they started to defend themselves and their properties by building on existing hills or by building artificial mounds or even dikes. We can see this in the occurrence of the Dutch words for mounds and dikes in the names of old cities and streets, like ‘hil’, ‘-warden’, or ‘-terp’, and ‘-dijk’ or ‘-dam’.
|Title of host publication||Integral Design of Multifunctional Flood Defenses|
|Subtitle of host publication||Multidisciplinary Approaches and Examples|
|Editors||Baukje Kothuis, Matthijs Kok|
|Publisher||Delft University Publishers|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|