Water distribution networks (WDNs) need to guarantee that water is delivered with adequate quality. This paper compares the performance of 12 multiobjective procedures to limit water quality deterioration in a WDN through the optimal operation of valves. The first objective (ObF1) is to minimize the water age, chosen as a surrogate parameter of quality deterioration, and the second objective (ObF2) is to minimize the number of valve closures. The 12 procedures are derived from the combination of 4 different optimization algorithms and 3 formulations of ObF1, namely, to minimize the maximum, the arithmetic mean, and the demand-weighted mean water age. The optimization algorithms considered are random search (RS), Loop for Optimal Valve Status Configuration (LOC), and a combination of each of these two with the Archive-based Micro Genetic Algorithm. The procedures are tested on two networks of different complexity. Results show how LOC is able to find near-optimal solutions using a fraction of the computational time required by a brute force search. Furthermore, among the ObF1 formulations, the use of the averages (either arithmetic or demand-weighted) gives better results in terms of impact on the population served by a WDN.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Multiobjective optimization
- Valve operation
- Water age
- Water distribution network