Multiresolution Time-of-arrival Estimation from Multiband Radio Channel Measurements

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Abstract

Achieving high resolution time-of-arrival (TOA) estimation in multipath propagation scenarios from bandlimited observations of communication signals is challenging because the multipath channel impulse response (CIR) is not bandlimited. Modeling the CIR as a sparse sequence of Diracs, TOA estimation becomes a problem of parametric spectral inference from observed bandlimited signals. To increase resolution without arriving at unrealistic sampling rates, we consider multiband sampling approach, and propose a practical multibranch receiver for the acquisition. The resulting data model exhibits multiple shift invariance structures, and we propose a corresponding multiresolution TOA estimation algorithm based on the ESPRIT algorithm. The performance of the algorithm is compared against the derived Cramér Rao Lower Bound, using simulations with standardized ultra-wideband (UWB) channel models. We show that the proposed approach provides high resolution estimates while reducing spectral occupancy and sampling costs compared to traditional UWB approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherIEEE
Pages4395-4399
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4799-8131-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-8132-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 May 201917 May 2019

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period12/05/1917/05/19

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • cognitive radio
  • multiband sampling
  • multipath channel estimation
  • multiresolution estimation
  • time-of-arrival

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