Multirow Adjoint-Based Optimization of NICFD Turbomachinery Using a Computer-Aided Design-Based Parametrization

Roberto Agromayor, N. Anand, M. Pini, Lars O. Nord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Currently, most of the adjoint-based design systems documented in the open literature assume that the fluid behaves as an ideal gas, are restricted to the optimization of a single row of blades, or are not suited to impose geometric constraints. In response to these limitations, this paper presents a gradient-based shape optimization framework for the aerodynamic design of turbomachinery blades operating under nonideal thermodynamic conditions. The proposed design system supports the optimization of multiple blade rows, and it integrates a computer-aided design (CAD)-based parametrization with a Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) flow solver and its discrete adjoint counterpart. The capabilities of the method were demonstrated by performing the design optimization of a single-stage axial turbine that employs isobutane (R600a) as working fluid. Notably, the aerodynamic optimization respected the minimum thickness constraint at the trailing edge of the stator and rotor blades and reduced the entropy generation within the turbine by 36%, relative to the baseline, which corresponds to a total-to-total isentropic efficiency increase of about 4 percentage points. The analysis of the flow field revealed that the performance improvement was achieved due to the reduction of the wake intensity downstream of the blades and the elimination of a shock-induced separation bubble at the suction side of the stator cascade.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 041008
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Volume144
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

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