N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and subclinical brain damage in the general population

Hazel I. Zonneveld, M. Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Wiro J. Niessen, Aad Van Der Lugt, Gabriel P. Krestin, Oscar H. Franco, Meike W. Vernooij

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: To investigate the association between N-terminal pro-Btype natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), which is a marker of heart disease, and markers of subclinical brain damage on magnetic resonance (MR) images in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly subjects without dementia and without a clinical diagnosis of heart disease. Materials and Methods: This prospective population-based cohort study was approved by a medical ethics committee overseen by the national government, and all participants gave written informed consent. Serum levels of NT-proBNP were measured in 2397 participants without dementia or stroke (mean age, 56.6 years; age range, 45.7-87.3 years) and without clinical diagnosis of heart disease who were drawn from the population-based Rotterdam Study. All participants were examined with a 1.5-T MR imager. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between NT-proBNP level and MR imaging markers of subclinical brain damage, including volumetric, focal, and microstructural markers. Results: A higher NT-proBNP level was associated with smaller total brain volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.021; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.034, -0.007; P = .003) and was predominantly driven by gray matter volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.037; 95% CI: -0.057, -0.017; P < .001). Higher NT-proBNP level was associated with larger white matter lesion volume (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, 0.090; 95% CI: 0.051, 0.129; P < .001), with lower fractional anisotropy (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, -0.048; 95% CI: -0.088, -0.008; P = .019) and higher mean diffusivity (mean difference in z score per standard deviation increase in NT-proBNP level, 0.054; 95% CI: 0.018, 0.091; P = .004) of normal-appearing white matter. Conclusion: In community-dwelling persons, higher serum NT-proBNP levels are associated with volumetric and microstructural MR imaging markers of subclinical brain damage.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)205-214
    Number of pages10
    JournalRadiology
    Volume283
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

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