Nanoelectromechanical sensors based on suspended 2D materials

Max C. Lemme*, Stefan Wagner, Kangho Lee, Xuge Fan, Gerard J. Verbiest, Sebastian Wittmann, Sebastian Lukas, Robin J. Dolleman, Frank Niklaus, Herre S.J. van der Zant, Georg S. Duesberg, Peter G. Steeneken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)
139 Downloads (Pure)


The unique properties and atomic thickness of two-dimensional (2D) materials enable smaller and better nanoelectromechanical sensors with novel functionalities. During the last decade, many studies have successfully shown the feasibility of using suspended membranes of 2D materials in pressure sensors, microphones, accelerometers, and mass and gas sensors. In this review, we explain the different sensing concepts and give an overview of the relevant material properties, fabrication routes, and device operation principles. Finally, we discuss sensor readout and integration methods and provide comparisons against the state of the art to show both the challenges and promises of 2D material-based nanoelectromechanical sensing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8748602
Number of pages25
JournalDNA Research
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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