Nanoengineering of fibre surface for carbon fibre-carbon nanotube hierarchical composites

Wojciech Szmyt, Michel Calame, Celestino Padeste, Clemens Dransfeld

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Abstract

We aim to enhance the carbon fibre (CF)-matrix interface by synthesizing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the surface of the CF, creating a hierarchical composite. A 12 nm thick aluminium oxide film applied by atomic layer deposition (ALD) provides protection of the CF from deterioration during CNT growth in a chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. However, the adhesion of alumina to CF, grown in classical water/trimethylaluminium ALD is severely diminishing during CNT growth, as detected by interface shear strength (IFSS) measurements. In our approach to improve the CF-alumina adhesion, we employed a pre-treatment of the CF with ozone and entirely replaced water with ozone in the ALD process, to promote the covalent bonding of the alumina to the CF surface. The current results show a new perspective in achieving the CNT synthesis on the CF while successfully mitigating its detrimental effects on the fibre mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2019 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 11 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Conference

Conference22nd International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2019
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period11/08/1916/08/19

Keywords

  • Atomic layer deposition
  • Carbon fibre
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Chemical vapour deposition
  • Hierarchical composite

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