NBI Optical Filters in Minimally Invasive Medical Devices

M.F. Silva, J.A. Rodrigues, M. Ghaderi, L.M. Goncalves, G. de Graaf, R.F. Wolffenbuttel, J.H. Correia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The integration of the narrow band imaging (NBI) technique in highly miniaturized minimally invasive medical devices is presented. NBI provides a more reliable sensing performance for in vivo studies on tissues as compared to approaches based on white light illumination. NBI uses a selective filtered light with peak transmission at 415 (blue) and 540 nm (green). The blue light improves the visualization of the superficial mucosal layer, while the deeper penetration of the green light highlights the vascular patterns of the subepithelial vessels. The optical filters are based on a multilayer thin-film stack, using the Fabry-Perot configuration with titanium dioxide (TiO2) and silicon dioxide (SiO2). The blue light-emitting diode (LED) combined with the blue filter results in a maximum central wavelength at 414 nm, full-width half-maximum (FWHM) of 19 nm and maximum relative transmittance of 21%. The green LED combined with the green filter yields maximum peak intensity at 536 nm, FWHM of 30 nm, and maximum relative transmittance of 35%. RF-sputtering was used for the deposition of NBI optical filters. The refractive index and extinction coefficient of the TiO2 and SiO2 thin films were characterized and the green and blue filter designs were experimentally validated.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6803307
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2016


  • Narrow band imaging (NBI)
  • Fabry–Perot optical filters
  • minimally-invasive medical devices

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