Near- and Far-Field Characterization of Planar mm-Wave Antenna Arrays with Waveguide-to-Microstrip Transition

Mohammed Adnan Salhi, Alireza Kazemipour, Gennaro Gentille, Marco Spirito, Thomas Kleine-Ostmann, Thorsten Schrader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


We present the design and characterization of planar mm-wave patch antenna arrays with waveguide-to-microstrip transition using both near- and far-field methods. The arrays were designed for metrological assessment of error sources in antenna measurement. One antenna was designed for the automotive radar frequency range at 77 GHz, while another was designed for the frequency of 94 GHz, which is used, e.g., for imaging radar applications. In addition to the antennas, a simple transition from rectangular waveguide WR-10 to planar microstrip line on Rogers 3003™ substrate has been designed based on probe coupling. For determination of the far-field radiation pattern of the antennas, we compare results from two different measurement methods to simulations. Both a far-field antenna measurement system and a planar near-field scanner with near-to-far-field transformation were used to determine the antenna diagrams. The fabricated antennas achieve a good matching and a good agreement between measured and simulated antenna diagrams. The results also show that the far-field scanner achieves more accurate measurement results with regard to simulations than the near-field scanner. The far-field antenna scanning system is built for metrological assessment and antenna calibration. The antennas are the first which were designed to be tested with the measurement system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-873
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2016


  • Phased patch antenna arrays
  • Radiation pattern measurements
  • Millimeter wave antenna design and characterization
  • Spherical far-field and planar near-field scanner
  • Near-to-far-field transformation


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