New algorithm for InSAR stack phase triangulation using integer least squares estimation

Sami Samiei-Esfahany, Ramon F. Hanssen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Algorithms have been proposed in the recent years in order to retrieve all information available in interferometric stacks of SAR acquisitions with focus on distributed scatterers. One of the key steps in these algorithms - called phase triangulation, phase linking or phase multi-linking - is to optimally estimate filtered wrapped interferometric phases from all possible interferometric combinations preserving useful information and filtering noise. The advantages of these methods compared to conventional approaches are that the algorithm can be applied before phase unwrapping, and that it considers all possible interferograms. In this contribution we propose a new algorithm for phase triangulation based on the integer least squares (ILS) method. We model the phase triangulation problem as a system of linear observation equations. After computing the full covariance matrix of interferometric phases using a Monte-Carlo method, we use ILS to estimate the unknowns. The advantages of our method are that it is capable of considering the mutual correlation between all interferograms, and additionally provides as a output the precision of the estimates. Simulation results show that the proposed method works effectively and can optimally filter noise from interferometric stacks before unwrapping.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 33rd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Duration: 21 Jul 201326 Jul 2013
Conference number: 33


Conference2013 33rd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Abbreviated titleIGARSS 2013
CityMelbourne, VIC


  • coherence matrix
  • distributed scatterers (DS)
  • InSAR
  • Integer Least Squares estimation


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