We present a new accuracy condition for the construction of continuous mass-lumped elements. This condition is less restrictive than the one currently used and enabled us to construct new mass-lumped tetrahedral elements of degrees 2 to 4. The new degree-2 and degree-3 tetrahedral elements require 15 and 32 nodes per element, respectively, while currently, these elements require 23 and 50 nodes, respectively. The new degree-4 elements require 60, 61, or 65 nodes per element. Tetrahedral elements of this degree had not been found until now. We prove that our accuracy condition results in a mass-lumped finite element method that converges with optimal order in the $L^2$-norm and energy-norm. A dispersion analysis and several numerical tests confirm that our elements maintain the optimal order of accuracy and show that the new mass-lumped tetrahedral elements are more efficient than the current ones.
Geevers, S., Mulder, W., & van der Vegt, J. J. W. (2018). New higher-order mass-lumped tetrahedral elements for wave propagation modelling. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 40(5), A2830–A2857. https://doi.org/10.1137/18M1175549