Nonlocal effects in inhomogeneous flows of soft athermal disks

Kuniyasu Saitoh, Brian P. Tighe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
70 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We numerically investigate nonlocal effects on inhomogeneous flows of soft athermal disks close to but below their jamming transition. We employ molecular dynamics to simulate Kolmogorov flows, in which a sinusoidal flow profile with fixed wave number is externally imposed, resulting in a spatially inhomogeneous shear rate. We find that the resulting rheology is strongly wave-number-dependent, and that particle migration, while present, is not sufficient to describe the resulting stress profiles within a conventional local model. We show that, instead, stress profiles can be captured with nonlocal constitutive relations that account for gradients to fourth order. Unlike nonlocal flow in yield stress fluids, we find no evidence of a diverging length scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number188001
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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