Novel Design Integrating a Microwave Applicator into a Crystallizer for Rapid Temperature Cycling. A Direct Nucleation Control Study

Rohit Kacker, Marilena Radoiu, Herman J.M. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
47 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The control of nucleation in crystallization processes is a challenging task due to the often lacking knowledge on the process kinetics. Inflexible (predetermined) control strategies fail to grow the nucleated crystals to the desired quality because of the variability in the process conditions, disturbances, and the stochastic nature of crystal nucleation. Previously, the concept of microwave assisted direct nucleation control (DNC) was demonstrated in a laboratory setup to control the crystal size distribution in a batch crystallization process by manipulating the number of particles in the system. Rapid temperature cycling was used to manipulate the super(under)saturation and hence the number of crystals. The rapid heating response achieved with the microwave heating improved the DNC control efficiency, resulting in halving of the batch time. As an extension, this work presents a novel design in which the microwave applicator is integrated in the crystallizer, hence avoiding the external loop though the microwaves oven. DNC implemented in the 4 L unseeded crystallizer, at various count set points, resulted in strong efficiency enhancement of DNC, when compared to the performance with a slow responding system. The demonstrated crystallizer design is a basis for extending the enhanced process control opportunity to other applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3766-3774
JournalCrystal Growth & Design
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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