Numerical analysis of microwave heating cavity: Combining electromagnetic energy, heat transfer and fluid dynamics for a NaY zeolite fixed-bed

H. Nigar, G. S.J. Sturm, B. Garcia-Baños, F. L. Peñaranda-Foix, J. M. Catalá-Civera, R. Mallada, A. Stankiewicz, J. Santamaría

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional mathematical model was developed for a rectangular TE 10n microwave heating cavity system, working at 2.45 GHz. Energy/heat, momentum equations were solved together with Maxwell's electromagnetic field equations using COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS® simulation environment. The dielectric properties, ε' and ε'', of NaY zeolite (Si/Al = 2.5) were evaluated as a function of temperature. Considering these values, the microwave heating of a porous fixed-bed made of dry NaY zeolite was simulated. Electric field distribution, axial and radial temperature profiles and temperature evolution with time were obtained. The zeolite fixed bed was heated up to 180 °C in 5 min, with 30 W power. The fixed-bed temperature evolution under non-steady state conditions showed the same trend as the one observed experimentally with only an average deviation of 10.3%. The model was used to predict microwave heating of other materials improving energy efficiency of the microwave cavity. Furthermore, the developed model was able to predict thermal runaway for zeolites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-238
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Dielectric properties
  • Microwave heating
  • Modelling and numerical simulation
  • Power dissipation
  • Transient temperature profiles

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