A newly developed numerical model is used to identify and evaluate optimum electrode configurations for electro-osmosis dewatering, as well as to evaluate approaches such as current intermittence and current reversal. Various electrode configurations, electrode spacings, and voltage gradients are studied numerically using 3D models with a cubic domain and vertically installed tube electrodes. The results indicate that, with more anodes installed, one can expect more water to drain out and a more uniform surface settlement, although a greater energy consumption is then required. A 2D square domain is used to study current intermittence and current reversal. Current intermittence allows more water to be drained out and has a higher energy efficiency compared to a continuous current, although it consumes more energy. Polarity reversal is also shown to be more efficient than a continuous current supply.
- Current intermittence and reversal
- electro-osmosis dewatering
- electrode configuration
- energy consumption
- numerical modeling