Occupant behaviour related to energy use in the residential sector: results from the Ecommon monitoring campaign

Taso Ioannou, Laure Itard, Wim Kornaat

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Buildings in Europe are the largest end use sector and especially residential buildings account for two thirds of this energy use. Despite the fact that building characteristics play a major role in a dwelling’s energy consumption, occupant characteristics and behaviour significantly affect this energy use as well. The Ecommon campaign monitored 32 residential dwellings for 6 months in the Netherlands, capturing quantitative (temperature, CO2, humidity, movement, boiler and ventilation electricity consumption, real time and total electricity and gas consumption on the meter) and quantitative data (comfort perception, actions taken like closing and opening windows, thermostat use, use and type of clothes, and metabolic activity). Additionally in the beginning of the campaign a survey was given to the tenants with questions on income, gender, education level, thermostat and ventilation preferences, bathing patterns and other related data. This paper describes the experimental set up of the campaign, the temperature and occupancy profiles for each type of room for the 32 dwellings and the findings on the clothing patterns and metabolic activity. Temperature profiles show that these dwellings have higher temperatures through the whole day than the common assumption of the daily average of 18 o C suggested for the calculations of the national simulation software. A method is demonstrated on how a combination of motion detection and CO2 can lead to reliable occupancy profiles.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCLIMA 2016
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 12th REHVA World Congress
    EditorsPer Kvols Heiselberg
    PublisherAalborg University
    Pages1-10
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    EventCLIMA 2016 - 12th REHVA World Congress - Aalborg, Denmark
    Duration: 22 May 201625 May 2016
    http://vbn.aau.dk/en/activities/clima-2016--12th-rehva-world-congress(43019fd3-70a7-4c5c-9176-825addd5913f).html

    Conference

    ConferenceCLIMA 2016 - 12th REHVA World Congress
    CountryDenmark
    CityAalborg
    Period22/05/1625/05/16
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • occupancy behaviour
    • energy consumption,
    • residential buildings
    • wireless monitoring

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