On Basic Boolean Function Graphene Nanoribbon Conductance Mapping

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In this paper, we augment a trapezoidal Quantum Point Contact topology with top gates to form a butterfly Graphene Nanoribbon (GNR) structure and demonstrate that by adjusting its topology, its conductance map can mirror basic Boolean functions, thus one can use such structures instead of transistors to build carbon-based gates and circuits. We first identify by means of Design Space Exploration specific GNR topologies for 2- and 3-input {AND, NAND, OR, NOR, XOR, XNOR} and demonstrate by means of the Non-Equilibrium Green Function - Landauer based simulations that butterfly GNR-based structures operating at V DD = 0.2 V outperform 7 nm @ V DD = 0.7 V CMOS counterparts by 2 to 3, 1 to 2, and 3 to 4, orders of magnitude in terms of delay, power consumption, and power-delay product, respectively, while requiring 2 orders of magnitude less active area. Subsequently, we investigate the effect of V DD variations and the V DD value lower bound. We demonstrate that the NOR butterfly GNR structures are quite robust as their conductance and delay are changing by no more than 2% and 6%, respectively, and that AND and NOR GNR geometries can operate even at 10 mV. Finally, we consider the aspects related to the practical realization of the proposed structures and conclude that even if there are still hurdles on the road ahead the latest graphene fabrication technology developments, e.g., surface-assisted synthesis, our proposal opens an alternative towards effective carbon-based nanoelectronic circuits and applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8574057
Pages (from-to)1948-1959
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • carbon-nanoelectronics.
  • GNR
  • Graphene
  • graphene-based Boolean Gates

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