On DC Fault Dynamics of MMC-Based HVdc Connections

Epameinondas Kontos*, Georgios Tsolaridis, Remus Teodorescu, Pavol Bauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


This paper studies the dc fault development stages and analyzes the fault dynamics in a point-to-point multilevel modular converters (MMC)-based dc connection. First, the effect of the dc grid configuration on the normal operation was investigated by comparing an asymmetric monopole with metallic return and a symmetric monopole. Then, the main parameters that affect the dc fault response of a grid, such as the fault type, impedance and converter blocking, were examined. Compared to previous studies, which are based on simulation results, the analysis is performed hereby both in theory, deriving the equations that describe the dc fault stages, as well as using experimental results obtained in the designed laboratory setup. The setup consists of two MMC terminals connected to two ac sources representing independent ac grids. These terminals are connected using a simple dc link based on pi-section equivalent of dc cables. The obtained results, which verified the theoretical analysis, can be used to determine the protection function thresholds of the MMC, as well as to estimate the developed stresses on dc lines during fault conditions and to define the design requirements for dc breakers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8071009
Pages (from-to)497-507
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • DC fault
  • HVDC converters
  • HVDC transmission
  • MMC
  • multiterminal networks


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