On resonances and transverse and longitudinal oscillations in a hoisting system due to boundary excitations

Jing Wang*, Wim T. van Horssen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

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In this paper, we study transverse and longitudinal oscillations and resonances in a hoisting system induced by boundary disturbances. The dynamics can be described by an initial-boundary value problem for a coupled system of nonlinear wave equations on a slowly time-varying spatial domain. It will be shown how the boundary excitations and the nonlinear terms influence transverse and longitudinal vibrations of the system. Firstly, due to the slow variation of the cable length, a singular perturbation problem arises. By using an interior layer analysis, many resonance manifolds are detected. Secondly, it will be shown that resonances in the system are caused not only by boundary disturbances but also by nonlinear interactions. Based on these observations, a three-timescales perturbation method is used to approximate the solution of the initial-boundary value problem analytically. It turns out that for special frequencies in the boundary excitations and for certain parameter values of the longitudinal stiffness and the conveyance mass, many oscillation modes jump up from small to large amplitudes in the transverse and longitudinal directions. Finally, numerical simulations are presented to verify the obtained analytical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5079-5106
Number of pages28
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Volume111 (2023)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Interior layer analysis
  • Multiple-timescales perturbation method
  • Nonlinear interactions
  • Resonance zone
  • Vertically moving string


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