On the origin of crevasse-splay amalgamation in the Huesca fluvial fan (Ebro Basin, Spain): Implications for connectivity in low net-to-gross fluvial deposits

Koen van Toorenenburg, Rick Donselaar, Niels Noordijk, Gert Jan Weltje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Floodplain deposits are abundant in low-gradient dryland river systems, but their contribution to connected reservoir volumes has not yet been fully acknowledged due to their poor detectability with typical wireline log suites and relatively-lower reservoir quality. This study presents an analysis of stacked crevasse splays in the distal part of the Miocene Huesca fluvial fan (Ebro Basin, Spain). Vertical stacking of crevasse splays implies local aggradation of the active channel belt. Lateral amalgamation of crevasse splays created an elevated rim around their feeder channel, raising its bankfull height. Subsequent crevasse splays were deposited on top of their predecessors, creating sand-on-sand contact through incision and further raising the active channel belt. This process of channel-belt super-elevation repeated until an upstream avulsion occurred. Amalgamated crevasse splays constitute connected reservoir volumes up to ~ 107 m3. Despite their lower reservoir quality, they effectively connect channel deposits in low net-to-gross fluvial stratigraphy, and hence, their contribution to producible volumes should be considered. Unswept intervals of amalgamated crevasse splays may constitute a secondary source of natural gas. Their interval thickness can serve as a proxy for feeder-channel dimensions, which can in turn be used to estimate the degree of stratigraphic connectivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-164
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume343
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Low-gradient dryland river systems
  • Low net-to-gross fluvial stratigraphy
  • Huesca fluvial fan
  • Crevasse splays
  • Stacking mechanism
  • Connectivity

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