On the relevance of kinematics for cavitation implosion loads

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Abstract

This study presents a novel physical model to convert the potential energy contained in vaporous cavitation into local surface impact power and an acoustic pressure signature caused by the violent collapse of these cavities in a liquid. The model builds on an analytical representation of the solid angle projection approach by Leclercq et al. ["Numerical cavitation intensity on a hydrofoil for 3D homogeneous unsteady viscous flows," Int. J. Fluid Mach. Syst. 10, 254-263 (2017)]. It is applied as a runtime post-processing tool in numerical simulations of cavitating flows. In the present study, the model is inspected in light of the time accurate energy balance during the cavity collapse. Analytical considerations show that the potential cavity energy is first converted into kinetic energy in the surrounding liquid [D. Obreschkow et al., "Cavitation bubble dynamics inside liquid drops in microgravity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 094502 (2006)] and focused in space before the conversion into shock wave energy takes place. To this end, the physical model is complemented by an energy conservative transport function that can focus the potential cavity energy into the collapse center before it is converted into acoustic power. The formulation of the energy focusing equation is based on a Eulerian representation of the flow. The improved model is shown to provide physical results for the acoustic wall pressure obtained from the numerical simulation of a close-wall vapor bubble cloud collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052102
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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