On the role of turbulence distortion on leading-edge noise reduction by means of porosity

R. Zamponi*, S. Satcunanathan, S. Moreau, D. Ragni, M. Meinke, W. Schröder, C. Schram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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A possible strategy for the reduction of the aeroacoustic noise generated by turbulence interacting with a wing profile, also referred to as leading-edge noise, is represented by the implementation of a porous medium in the structure of the airfoil. However, the physical mechanisms involved in this noise mitigation technique remain unclear. The present work aims at elucidating these phenomena and particularly how the porosity affects the incoming turbulence characteristics in the immediate vicinity of the surface. A porous NACA-0024 profile equipped with melamine foam has been compared with a solid baseline, both airfoils being in turn subjected to the turbulence shed by an upstream circular rod. The mean wall-pressure distribution along the airfoils shows that the implementation of the porous material mostly preserves the integrity of the NACA-0024 profile's shape. Results of hot-wire anemometry and large-eddy simulations indicate that the porous design proposed in this study allows for a damping of the velocity fluctuations and it has a limited influence on the upstream mean flow field. Specifically, the upwash component of the root-mean-square of the velocity fluctuations turns out to be significantly attenuated in the porous case in contrast to the solid one, leading to a strong decrease of the turbulent kinetic energy in the stagnation region. Furthermore, the comparison between the power spectral densities of the incident turbulent velocities demonstrates that the porosity has an effect mainly on the low-frequency range of the turbulent velocity power spectrum. This evidence is in line with the results of the acoustic beamforming measurements, which exhibit a noise abatement in an analogous frequency range. On the basis of these observations, an interpretation of the phenomena occurring in the turbulence-interaction noise reduction due to a porous treatment of the airfoil is finally given with reference to the theoretical inputs of the Rapid Distortion Theory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115561
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Porous materials
  • Rapid distortion theory
  • Rod-airfoil configuration
  • Turbulence-interaction noise


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