On the use of two-point velocity correlation in wall-pressure models for turbulent flow past a trailing edge under adverse pressure gradient

Prateek Jaiswal, Stéphane Moreau, Francesco Avallone, Daniele Ragni, Stefan Pröbsting

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Abstract

Two-point velocity statistics near the trailing edge of a controlled diffusion airfoil are obtained, both experimentally and analytically, by decomposing Poisson's equation for pressure into the mean-shear (MS) and turbulence-turbulence (TT) interaction terms. The study focuses on the modeling of each interaction term, in order to allow for the reconstruction of the wall-pressure spectra from tomographic velocimetry data, without numerically solving for pressure. The two-point correlation of the wall-normal velocity that describes the magnitude of the MS source term is found to be influenced by various competing factors such as blocking, mean-shear, and the adverse mean pressure gradient. The blocking term is found to supersede the other interaction terms close to the wall, making the two-point velocity correlation self-similar. The most dominant TT term that contributes to far-field noise for an observer located perpendicular to the airfoil chord at the mid-span is shown to be the one that quantifies the variation of the wall-normal velocity fluctuations in the longitudinal direction because of the statistical homogeneity of turbulence in planes parallel to the wall. A model to determine the contribution of the TT interaction term is proposed where the fourth-order two-point correlation can be modeled using Lighthill's approximation. However, its contribution toward wall-pressure spectra is found to be substantially lower than the MS term in the present case.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105105
Number of pages27
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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