One Step at a Time: Evaluation of a Step-By-Step Recipe Tool Designed for People with Dementia

Yvon Ruitenburg, G.J. Pasman, Rens Brankaert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Due to dementia, people lose the ability to deal with complex tasks such as cooking. We can support this group by designing new tools to keep them active and enhance their feeling of self-worth. Previous studies have focusedon step-by-step guidance for people withdementia using innovative technology, which is often too complicated to learn and set up for the users. In this paper, we designed and evaluated an intuitive, non-intimidating, step-by-step recipe tool for people living with dementia. The tool is designed for collaboration to stimulate socialisation between people with dementia or with a caregiver. The design was evaluated in situ, with 36 individuals at varying stages of dementia. Participants were instructed to cook a dish using the recipe tool and reflect on its usability. The step-by-step approach of the tool appeared highly suitable
for people with dementia, and added visuals helped with understanding the recipe. The level of initiative shown by the participants with dementia seemed to depend on the amount of trust shown by the caregiver. We found that collaboration between participants during cooking as facilitated by the tool was
enjoyable and highly suited for both at-home and meeting centre settings. We offer several suggestions for designing step-by-step tools and encourage facilitating more collaborative, non-intimidating activities for people with
dementia and their caregivers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDementia Lab 2022: The Residue of Design. D-Lab 2022. Design For Inclusion
EditorsM. Houben
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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