Online model-based remaining-useful-life prognostics for aircraft cooling units using time-warping degradation clustering

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Abstract

Remaining-useful-life prognostics for aircraft components are central for efficient and robust aircraft maintenance. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end approach to obtain online, model-based remaining-useful-life prognostics by learning from clusters of components with similar degradation trends. Time-series degradation measurements are first clustered using dynamic time-warping. For each cluster, a degradation model and a corresponding failure threshold are proposed. These cluster-specific degradation models, together with a particle filtering algorithm, are further used to obtain online remaining-useful-life prognostics. As a case study, we consider the operational data of several cooling units originating from a fleet of aircraft. The cooling units are clustered based on their degradation trends and remaining-useful-life prognostics are obtained in an online manner. In general, this approach provides support for intelligent aircraft maintenance where the analysis of cluster-specific component degradation models is integrated into the predictive maintenance process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number168
Number of pages18
JournalAerospace
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Aircraft Cooling Unit
  • Aircraft maintenance
  • Multi-model degradation
  • Online remaining-useful-life prognostics
  • Particle filtering

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