Operationally-Safe Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading in Distribution Grids: A Game-Theoretic Market-Clearing Mechanism

Giuseppe Belgioioso, Wicak Ananduta, Sergio Grammatico, Carlos Ocampo-Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In future distribution grids, prosumers (i.e., energy consumers with storage and/or production capabilities) will trade energy with each other and with the main grid. To ensure an efficient and safe operation of energy trading, in this paper, we formulate a peer-to-peer energy market of prosumers as a generalized aggregative game, in which a network operator is responsible to enforce the operational constraints of the system. We design a distributed market-clearing mechanism with convergence guarantee to an economically-efficient, strategically-stable, and operationally-safe configuration (i.e., a variational generalized Nash equilibrium). Numerical studies on the IEEE 37-bus testcase show the scalability of the proposed approach and suggest that active participation in the market is beneficial for both prosumers and the network operator.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 10 Mar 2022


  • Automatic voltage control
  • Costs
  • Couplings
  • distributed algorithm
  • Distribution networks
  • energy management
  • generalized Nash equilibrium.
  • Peer-to-peer computing
  • Production
  • Prosumers
  • Reliability


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