The present thesis is aimed at defining operative guidelines devoted to the prevention and limitation of disastrous consequences for man's life and property in case of terrorist attacks perpetrated in places of worship. These guidelines are meant to be applied by governs of Western societies at different levels of spatial planning, with particular reference to the development of urban security plans. The guidelines are based on the study of significant patterns emerged from the statistical elaboration of a Database, collecting in parametrized form the information concerning one hundred and two terrorist attacks perpetrated against Churches or Synagogues in the world between 2001 and 2015. The list of attacks, located in African and Asian countries  are considered as a reliable reference in case of attacks perpetrated in all the Western countries of the world . The necessity for this project is heading within the recognized vulnerability factor that the Italian religious and artistic cultural heritage would represent  with reference to a hypothesized escalation of the terrorist treat in Europe. In particular, among European symbols of civilization, Catholic Churches in Italy are thought to represent a particularly attractive target for Islamic terrorism, as unfortunately confirmed while this thesis was being redacted [4, 5]. In fact, with respect to the current long lasting harsh warfare  and despite the valuable intelligence and normative effort , it is not possible to totally prevent terrorist attacks from happening [8, 9]. Instead, security from terrorism risk in modern society will be based on the capability of translating the projection in the future of the current risks comprehension, in turn based on the evidence of near past or ongoing tendencies, into economically and socially sustainable protective measures [10, 11]. In this sense, the present thesis is meant to achieve the purpose through a new engineering approach applied on antiterrorism, starting from the development of a encoding paradigm of terrorist treat toward modern societies, to be declined as a safety designing tool of city's strategical buildings, within the purpose of achieving the same level of security confidence the society guarantees for dwellings subjected to dynamic loadings [12, 13]. The thesis consists of two parts. The first part is devoted at providing a quali-quantitative assessment tool of the terrorist treat towards places of worship. The second section develops operative guidelines consistently with the treat scenarios inferred in Part I.
|Publisher||Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies (IASSP)|
|Number of pages||70|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
Bibliographical noteThe Project was presented at the Italian Parliament in Rome (Aula dei Gruppi Parlamentari) on 10th April 2017.
- Terrorism risk assessment
- church buildings