Optical properties of strained wurtzite gallium phosphide nanowires

J. Greil, S. Assali, Y. Isono, A. Belabbes, F. Bechstedt, F. O. Valega MacKenzie, A. Yu Silov, E. P.A.M. Bakkers, J.E.M. Haverkort

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)
    14 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Wurtzite gallium phosphide (WZ GaP) has been predicted to exhibit a direct bandgap in the green spectral range. Optical transitions, however, are only weakly allowed by the symmetry of the bands. While efficient luminescence has been experimentally shown, the nature of the transitions is not yet clear. Here we apply tensile strain up to 6% and investigate the evolution of the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of WZ GaP nanowires (NWs). The pressure and polarization dependence of the emission together with a theoretical analysis of strain effects is employed to establish the nature and symmetry of the transitions. We identify the emission lines to be related to localized states with significant admixture of Δ7c symmetry and not exclusively related to the Δ8c conduction band minimum (CBM). The results emphasize the importance of strongly bound state-related emission in the pseudodirect semiconductor WZ GaP and contribute significantly to the understanding of the optoelectronic properties of this novel material.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3703-3709
    Number of pages7
    JournalNano Letters: a journal dedicated to nanoscience and nanotechnology
    Volume16
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • band structure
    • localized state
    • photoluminescence
    • strain
    • symmetry
    • Wurtzite semiconductor

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