Optimal Linear Control of Modular Multi-Level Converters with a Prescribed Degree of Stability

Elyas Rakhshani, Kumars Rouzbehi, Juan Manuel Escaño, José L. Rueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In this paper, a new control approach using an optimal linear control with prescribed degree of stability for modular multi-level converters (MMC) is presented and analyzed. The proposed controller relies on a linear quadratic regulator with integral action which brings the ability of state variable reference tracking for modular multi-level converters. Since MMC is a complex system with several state variables, a unified control system design for this system is vital. The proposed controller of this study is designed to obtain wider stability margin thanks to the implementation of prescribed degree of stability concept to minimize the quadratic performance index of the control structure. By means of this method, the poles of the closed-loop system will be shifted to the desired places in the left half side of the S-plane. The main advantages of this control strategy compared to previous methods are that it will be possible to control the state of energy for each phase separately, while there will be superior tolerance to nonlinearities and the enhanced stability margin with less sensitivity to plant-parameter variations. The performance of the designed controller is verified through MATLABTM simulations (The MathWorks, Natick, MA, USA) with the nonlinear model of MMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-41
Number of pages12
JournalElectric Power Components and Systems
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • advanced linear control
  • multi-modular converter
  • optimal linear control
  • power converter control
  • prescribed degree of stability

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal Linear Control of Modular Multi-Level Converters with a Prescribed Degree of Stability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this