Optimal preventive maintenance strategy for leased equipment under successive usage-based contracts

Xiaolin Wang*, Lishuai Li, Min Xie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


In the context of equipment leasing, maintenance service is usually bundled with the leased equipment and offered by the lessor as an integrated package under a lease contract. The lessor is then responsible to prescribe an effective maintenance policy to keep the equipment operational in an economical way. This paper investigates upgrade and preventive maintenance (PM) strategies for industrial equipment during successive usage-based lease contracts with consideration of a warranty period, from the lessor's perspective. The accelerated failure time model and age reduction model are adopted to capture the effect of usage rate and imperfect PM/upgrade on the equipment reliability, respectively. More importantly, since equipment usage rates may vary across different lease contracts, this study develops an age correspondence framework to characterise usage rate shifts between successive lease periods. The optimal upgrade degree and the optimal number and level of PM actions are progressively updated for each upcoming lease period to minimise the total expected lease servicing cost, by considering the usage rate and maintenance implementation history. Numerical studies show that under given cost structures, periodical PM activities within each lease period tends to outperform the pre-leasing upgrade actions, though both of them can reduce the lease servicing cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5705-5724
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • cost analysis
  • maintenance management
  • Successive leasing
  • upgrade
  • usage-based contract
  • warranty


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