Optimal Reactive Power Control of Smart Inverters: Vestfold and Telemark Regional Network

Martha Nohemi Acosta, Francisco M. Gonzalez-Longatt, Manuel A. Andrade, José L. Rueda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


The growing installation of distributed energy resources (DER) in the network allows an active interaction between the transmission and distribution system operators. This interaction is possible mainly by the power electronic converters (PECs) incorporated in the DER, used as an interface with the network. The PECs, also known as smart inverters, offers excellent controllability features and allow DER to provide procurement services to the distribution and transmission network. This paper focuses on evaluating the reactive power control features of the smart inverter considering eight control local modes following the IEEE 1547-2018 standard. Moreover, it is proposed an optimal reactive power controller able to minimise the active power losses in the network by optimally adapting the reactive power injection/absorption of the smart inverter. This optimal controller ensures all the busbar voltages are inside the permissible limits, and the reactive power limits of the smart inverter are enforced. The Vestfold and Telemark distribution network model was implemented using DIgSILENT PowerFactory to evaluate the optimal and the eight local reactive power control modes. Simulation results show the proposed optimal reactive power control is the best option to offer the service of active power loss minimisation using smart inverters for the daily steady-state performance of the DSO network.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech, PowerTech 2021 - Conference Proceedings
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-3597-0
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech - Virtual/online event
Duration: 28 Jun 20212 Jul 2021

Publication series

Name2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech, PowerTech 2021 - Conference Proceedings


Conference2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech
Abbreviated titlePowerTech 2021


  • optimisation
  • reactive power control
  • smart inverter
  • voltage support


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