Multifunctional intrinsic self-healing polymers (ISP) are gaining increasing attention these days, and many studies have been devoted to solving the conflict between achieving high mechanical polymer strength and active polymer chain diffusion. In this research, we developed an optimized self-healing composite coating by adding Benzotriazole (BTA) loaded nano silica (SiO2@BTA) to a dynamic cross-linked Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) network，which allows substantial and fast healing of the material integrity upon damage due to the hydrogen interaction between urea and BTA. BTA leaching tests demonstrated a longer release profile during the coating service life and corrosion tests in a 3.5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution indicated that the SiO2@BTA modified PDMS coating shows enhanced corrosion protection of carbon steel upon coating damage. Moreover, after addition of SiO2@BTA, the material failure strength increased from ~1.5 MPa to ~5.5 MPa, and the healing efficiency increased from ~59% to ~90% for 24 h healing at room temperature. Above all, this research provides an intrinsic self-healing coating design method to improve the mechanical strength and the self-healing ability of the ISP as well as enhancing the coating's corrosion protection ability.
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- BTA leaching
- Corrosion protection
- Mechanical strength
- Self-healing coating
- Urea hydrogen