Optimization of nanolime solvent for the consolidation of coarse porous limestone

Giovanni Borsoi, Barbara Lubelli, Rob van Hees, Rosário Veiga, António Santos Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
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The potentialities of nanomaterials for applica- tion in the field of conservation have been widely investi- gated in the last two decades. Among nanomaterials, nanolimes, i.e., dispersions of lime nanoparticles in alco- hols are promising consolidating products for calcareous materials. Nanolimes are effective in recovering the very superficial loss of cohesion of decayed materials, but they do not always provide sufficient mass consolidation. This limitation is mainly related to the deposition of the nanoparticles nearby the surface of the material. Experi- mental research has been set up with the aim of improving the in-depth deposition of lime nanoparticles. Previous research by the authors has shown that nanolime deposition within a substrate can be controlled by adapting the nanolimes properties (kinetic stability and evaporation rate) to the moisture transport behavior of the substrate. Nanolime properties can be modified by the use of different solvents. In this research, nanolime dispersions have been further optimized for application on Maastricht limestone, a coarse porous limestone. Firstly, nanolimes were syn- thesized and dispersed in ethanol and/or water, both pure and mixed in different percentages. Subsequently, based on the kinetic stability of the nanolime dispersions, the most promising solvent mixtures were selected and applied on the limestone. The deposition of lime nanoparticles within the limestone was studied by phenolphthalein test, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results confirm that nanolime dispersed in a mixture of ethanol (95 %) and water (5 %) can guarantee a better nanoparti- cles in-depth deposition within coarse porous substrates, when compared to dispersions in pure ethanol.
Original languageEnglish
Article number846
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Physics A: materials science & processing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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