Optimization of Traffic Efficiency at On-ramps with Connected Automated Vehicles

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Abstract

This paper aims to optimize on-ramp merging processes for connected automated vehicles by utilizing an existing hierarchical control architecture including a decision-maker and an operational controller. The decision-maker employs surrogate linear models to predict future vehicular acceleration analytically and computes a merging sequence to minimize merging times of on-ramp vehicles. The operational controller is formulated as a model predictive control problem, which utilizes a second-order vehicle dynamics model, and regulates vehicles' accelerations and time instants to execute lateral movements of on-ramp vehicles for the merging processes respectively. Constraints on vehicular acceleration, speed, and inter-vehicle distance are considered by the decision-maker and the operational controller for practical usage. The proposed method to minimize the merging times of on-ramp vehicles and a first-in-first-out method are tested under different initial settings, including initial vehicular speeds, distributions of vehicular positions, and desired time gaps. The simulation results show that the proposed method is superior to the first-in-first-out method widely used in literature in improving merging traffic efficiency. We find that cooperation among vehicles makes the on-ramp vehicles join mainline traffic faster, and the acceptable time gap for merging affect choices of optimal merging sequences.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 Forum on Integrated and Sustainable Transportation Systems (FISTS)
Subtitle of host publicationNovember 3-5, 2020, Delft - The Netherlands
PublisherIEEE
Pages230-235
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-9503-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

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