Optimization of Triton X-100 removal and ultrasound probe parameters in the preparation of multiwalled carbon nanotube buckypaper

J. A. Rojas*, L. A. Ardila-Rodríguez, M. F. Diniz, M. Gonçalves, B. Ribeiro, M. C. Rezende

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A highly porous film composed of a three-dimensional network of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), also known as buckypaper (BP), was prepared by vacuum filtration of a well-dispersed suspension of MWCNT/H 2 0 with the aid Triton X-100 surfactant. The key contribution of this work is to achieve the best parameters during the preparation of the suspension and find the best way to remove the excess triton X-100 from the nanotube network. The stability of suspension in different pH, the adsorption capacity, and the reusability of MWCNT was also evaluated. The effects of ultrasound parameters on the BP properties were systematically investigated and characterized by Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and electric resistivity using a four-point probe technique. In addition, the results of using different solvents to wash the BP after filtration process were analyzed by Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and Field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM). The optimum condition employed in this work (25 min–40%) exhibited the I D /I G ratio of 2.17 and L 002 of 5.597 nm, which suggests less damage to MWCNT. This study confirms that MWCNT-BP can be used to fabricate high-loading CNT/polymer composites with improved electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107612
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume166
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agglomerate
  • Buckypaper
  • Multiwalled carbon nanotube
  • Triton X-100
  • Ultrasound probe

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