Organising urban symbiosis projects

A.L. Vernay, Karel Mulder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)


Urban symbiosis is a strategy to create a more efficient metabolism of cities. However, urban symbiosis requires the integration of different systems, which is hard to achieve. Actors involved in existing systems can hardly develop ‘the bridges’ that are required to connect the thus far unrelated worlds of pre-existing systems. This paper analyses two cases of urban symbiosis and focusses on the process of building new actor networks. Urban symbiosis projects are generally complex and involve various stakeholders. The authors conclude that the introduction of additional actors or an additional institutional framework might be an effective means to create bridges between actors that could facilitate a more efficient metabolism of cities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-188
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering Sustainability (online)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • infrastructure planning
  • renewable energy
  • sewage treatment & disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Organising urban symbiosis projects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this