Overview and Design Considerations of Storm Surge Barriers

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The risk of flooding in coastal zones is expected to increase due to sea level rise and economic development. In larger bays, estuaries, and coastal waterways, storm surge barriers can be constructed to temporarily close off these systems during storm surges to provide coastal flood protection. Worldwide, 18 storm surge barriers have been constructed thus far, but they are increasingly being considered as a future solution for other coastal locations. This study provides a systematic overview of existing storm surge barriers. It analyzes information
about the main functions of each barrier, the type of gates used, and the associated costs. It also shows that functional requirements determine the design and layout of the barrier. The main design challenges are discussed. The study results may be of use in future planning and preliminary storm surge barrier design
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Storm surge barrier
  • Coastal structures
  • Flood risk
  • Coastal protection

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