Parameter Estimation for the Jiles-Atherton Model in Weak Fields

Aad R.P.J. Vijn*, Olivier Baas, Eugene Lepelaars

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this article is to estimate the parameters of the Jiles-Atherton hysteresis model, based on minor-loop measurement data in weak applied fields. The well-known hysteresis model by Jiles and Atherton serves as a basis of this article with an extension for the closure of minor loops. In order to represent minor loops correctly, a dissipative factor is introduced. A methodology to obtain the initial magnetization of a specimen is defined, based on an expansion in terms of higher order Gaussian functions. The methodology is implemented within a finite-element method using an interconnection between MATLAB and COMSOL. This interconnection allows the investigation of potentially large ferromagnetic objects to be calibrated to the proposed ferromagnetic model in weak fields. The proposed methodology was verified using an original approach. The approach relies on the use of a sensor array that makes it possible to detect local variations of magnetic properties in steel plates. Material parameters for our test specimen are successfully obtained by means of experimental data, using the shuffled frog leaping optimization algorithm. An analysis of the obtained results shows that the calibrated model is able to represent the measurement data accurately.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8979404
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Dissipative factor
  • experimental validation
  • ferromagnetism
  • hysteresis
  • initial magnetization
  • inversion
  • Jiles-Atherton model
  • minor-loop closure
  • parameter estimation
  • steel sheets


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