Partial Discharge Behavior of Typical Defects in Power Equipment under Multilevel Staircase Voltage

Yiming Zang, Mohamad Ghaffarian Niasar, Dhanashree Ashok Ganeshpure, Yong Qian, Gehao Sheng, Xiuchen Jiang, Peter Vaessen

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With the widespread application of power electronic switching technology, power equipment is facing new electrical stresses brought about by multilevel staircase voltages during testing and operation. Therefore, the partial discharge (PD) behavior of five typical defects in power equipment under the staircase waveform needs to be investigated. This article mainly analyses the phase-resolved PD (PRPD) pattern and pulse repetition rate (PRR) of five typical defects under sinusoidal voltage and multilevel staircase voltage with different number of levels. Also, the PD behavior under staircase voltage with different step responses are investigated. By analyzing the reasons behind the PD behavior between different cases, the PD characteristics and the transformation of PRPD patterns under different staircase voltages are obtained. Moreover, this research finds that the sensitivity of different defects to the staircase voltage is different. These results provide experimental and theoretical support for the testing and diagnosis of PD under new electrical stress present in the future flexible electric grid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1573
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Behavioral sciences
  • Discharges (electric)
  • Electric fields
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • multilevel staircase voltage
  • Needles
  • partial discharge (PD) mechanism
  • Partial discharges
  • phase-resolved partial discharge (PRPD)
  • Stress
  • typical defects
  • Voltage


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