Participation of active consumers in the electricity system: Design choices for consumer governance

S. Pelka*, E. J.L. Chappin, M. Klobasa, L. J. de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


Household electricity use has an increasing impact on the overall energy system. Numerous proposals have been made to support households to consume electricity in a system-friendlier manner. By breaking these proposals down into functions and how they are performed, this paper identifies four distinctive governance designs: energy communities, variable electricity tariffs, local energy markets and virtual power plants. None covers all the functions required and each addresses different trade-offs that households face. Energy communities focus on investing in energy assets, while the others target the operation of households’ assets, including demand response. Virtual power plants attract profit-oriented consumers, while the others primarily target normative consumers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100992
JournalEnergy Strategy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Demand response
  • Distributed energy resources
  • Energy community
  • Energy market design
  • Local energy market
  • Variable tariff
  • Virtual power plant


Dive into the research topics of 'Participation of active consumers in the electricity system: Design choices for consumer governance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this