Peanut shaped auxetic cementitious cellular composite (ACCC)

Jinbao Xie, Yading Xu*, Zhaozheng Meng, Minfei Liang, Zhi Wan, Branko Šavija

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Auxetic cementitious cellular composites (ACCCs) exhibit desirable mechanical properties (e.g., high fracture resistance and energy dissipation), due to their unique deformation characteristics. In this study, a new type of cementitious auxetic material, referred to as peanut shaped ACCC, has been designed and subsequently architected using additive manufacturing techniques. Two peanut shaped ACCCs specimens with different pseudo-minor axes have been tested under uniaxial compression with Digital Image Correlation (DIC) to assess their compressive behavior, peak strength, Poisson's ratio, and energy dissipation capacity. Additionally, cyclic tests were conducted to investigate their compressive resilience properties, further elucidated through microstructural analysis using a digital optical microscope. The mechanical test results were also compared with those of previously developed elliptical-shaped ACCCs. Furthermore, a numerical model was used to simulate the mechanical behavior of peanut shaped ACCCs under uniaxial compression, and showed a good agreement with the experimental data. The auxetic behavior observed in peanut shaped ACCCs arises from the rotation of sections facilitated by fiber bridging at the ligament of adjacent holes within the cementitious unit cell. In comparison to elliptical-shaped ACCCs, peanut shaped ACCCs can exhibit a slightly more negative Poisson's ratio and mitigate stress concentration. The reduction of stress concentration enables peanut shaped ACCCs to dissipate substantial energy, showcasing enhanced ductility and toughness. In cyclic tests, peanut shaped ACCCs exhibit superior recoverable deformation elasticity, attributed to robust fiber bridging capacity. The exceptional mechanical properties exhibited by peanut shaped ACCCs offer a scalable solution for developing energy-absorbent and multifunctional cementitious materials for smart infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135539
Number of pages22
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Auxetic cementitious cellular composites
  • CDP model
  • Compressive resilience
  • Cyclic test
  • Energy dissipation


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