Pentamodes: Effect of unit cell topology on mechanical properties

Kaivan Mohammadi, Moein Shafia, Javad Akbari, Reza Hedayati*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Pentamodes (first conceived theoretically by Milton and Cherkaev) are a very interesting class of mechanical metamaterials that can be used as building blocks of structures withdecoupled bulk and shear moduli. The pentamodes usually are composed of double cone-shaped struts with the middle diameter being large and the end diameters being tiny (ideally approaching zero). The cubic diamond geometry was proposed by Milton and Cherkaev as a suitable geometry for the unit cell and has since been used in the majority of the works on pentamodes. In this work, we aim to evaluate the degree to which the base unit cell design contributes to high bulk to shear modulus ratio, also known as Figure Of Merit(FOM). In addition to the diamond unit cell, three other well-known unit cell types are considered, and the effect of small diameter size and the ratio of large-to-small diameter, α, on the FOM is evaluated. The results showed that regardless of the base unit cell shape, the FOM value is highly dependent on the d (the smaller diameter size of double-cone) value, while its dependence on the D (the greater diameter of double-cone) value is very weak. For d/h∝0.05 (h representing the linkage length), figures of merit in the range of 103 could be reached for all the studied topologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101982
Number of pages7
JournalResults in Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • 3D printing
  • Meta-fluids
  • Metamaterials
  • Pentamodes


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